close

UK: UK’s proposed vertical restraints block exemption.

UK, 17 January 2022
The UK’s competition body – the Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) – has advised the government that it should, following Brexit, replace the reference in UK competition law to the EU’s vertical restraints block exemption with a UK block exemption.

CHINA: What does the new Personal Information Protection Law of China mean for cross-border franchising and distribution?

CHINA, 17 January 2022
E-commerce sales in China held steady in 2020 and will continue to account for more than half of all ecommerce globally (52.1%), according to Insider Intelligence. On one hand, rapid expansion of e-commerce has offered opportunities for cross-border enterprises, including those in the franchising and distribution sector; on the other hand, online trading activities has exposed personal data to...

NORWAY: The definition of a commercial agent - part III – The judgement from the EFTA Court.

NORWAY, 17 January 2022
In previous articles we have presented the ongoing Norep-case, wherein the Norwegian Appeal Court ruled that Norep AS (Norep) was not entitled to indemnity in accordance with the Agency Act as it found that Norep did not qualify as an agent based on the definition of “agent” in the act.

MEXICO: Franchises and the New Law of Transparency, Prevention and Elimination of Unlawful Practices in Advertising Services.

MEXICO, 15 December 2021
On June 3rd, 2021, the Law of Transparency, Prevention and Elimination of Unlawful Practices in Advertising Services (hereinafter “Law”) was published in the Official Gazette and entered into full force and effect on September 1st, 2021.

EU - IRELAND: Software Incubator Ltd. v Computer Associates (UK) Ltd (C-410/19) - Implications under Irish Law.

EU - IRELAND, 15 December 2021
European Court confirms that electronically supplied software constitutes ‘goods’ under the Commercial Agents Directive.

INDIA: The Competition Commission of India penalizes Maruti Suzuki India Limited for resale price maintenance.

INDIA, 15 December 2021
In August 2021, the Competition Commission of India (“ CCI ”) penalized Maruti Suzuki Limited (“ Maruti ”) for engaging in ‘resale price maintenance’ arrangements with its dealers.

FRANCE: Resale price maintenance and ban on online sales: the French Competition Authority fines eyewear brands and manufacturers.

FRANCE, 15 November 2021
Following raids at the premises of several undertakings active in the sunglasses/eyewear sector, the French Competition Authority started proceedings challenging a vertical agreement aiming, on the one hand, at limiting the pricing freedom of distributors and, on the other hand, at prohibiting those distributors from selling the products online.

NORWAY: The definition of a commercial agent - part II.

NORWAY, 15 November 2021
In a previous article we presented the ongoing Norep-case, wherein the Norwegian Appeal Court ruled that Norep AS (Norep) was not entitled to indemnity in accordance with the Agency Act as it found that Norep did not qualify as an agent based on the definition of “agent” in the act.

NETHERLANDS: ACM imposes fine of almost 40 million euros on Samsung for influencing (resale) prices.

NETHERLANDS, 15 November 2021
On 14 September 2021 the Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets ( ACM) imposed a fine of almost 40 million euros on Samsung Electronics Benelux B.V. ( Samsung ).