Country cards of around 140 countries, containing a brief description of thelaws on commercial agency, distribution, franchising and other related matters, such as applicable law, jurisdiction and arbitration are avialable in this section.

Over 500 national laws, in English or in other commonly used languages (e.g.: French, Spanish, German) are also available.



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Commercial Agency

The EEC 653/86 Directive has been implemented in Italy, by amending Articles 1742 et seq. of the Civil Code (last amended in 2000), which already regulated commercial agency. Collective Agreements (Accordi Economici Collettivi) concluded between the organizations of principals and agents also apply.


Distribution contracts are not governed by specific statutory provisions.


Franchising is governed by Law No. 129 of May 6, 2004 (EN - IT) and by Decree No. 204 of September 2, 2005 (EN - IT)


Law N. 287 of 10 October 1990 as subsequently amended applies, in addition to the European rules 1) Artt. 101-102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU 2) EU Reg. 330/2010.

Applicable law

EU Reg. n. 593/2008 (Rome I) applies to contracts signed after 17-12-2009 within the EU Member States (excluded Denmark). Contracts signed before 17-2-2009 within the EU and extra-EU contracts are governed by Law 218/1995 on international private law (EN - IT).


EU Regulation n. 1215/2012 applies within the EU Member States. The 2007 Lugano Convention applies to the relations with Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. As far as relations with countries outside EU and EFTA are concerned, Articles 3 et seq. of Law 218/1995 (EN - IT) govern jurisdiction and Articles 64 et seq. of the same law regulate the enforcement of foreign judgments.


Arbitration is governed by Articles 806 et seq. of the Code of Civil Procedure (as amended in 2006). Italy is part of the New York Convention of 1958 as well as of the Geneva Convention of 1961.