Documents & Tools

Over 1000 downloadable legal documents detailed country reports, model contracts, national laws and case law, many other texts available


"Country cards" of more than 140 countries and national law

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International Conventions

The main conventions and model laws with the relevant status of ratification

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Detailed country reports on agency distribution and franchising law prepared by highly qualified country experts

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Arbitral Cases

Nearly 100 abstracts of international arbitral awards issued in the field of distribution

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EU Rules

The main EU Rules on commercial agency, distribution, franchising and related matters

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EU Case Law

The main decisions on international distribution issued by the EU Courts

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More than 550 references to articles and books on international distribution

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Model contracts on commercial agency and distributorship

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International arbitration

facilitating arbitration for disputes
in the field of international distribution

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Country Experts

agency, distribution,

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IDI News

From members and country experts all around the world

SPAIN: The abolition of the Spanish franchisors’ registry.

SPAIN, 14 January 2019
Law 7/1996, regarding ordinance of retail trade, regulated for the first time the franchise activity in Spain through a single article, 62, whose point 2 provided that the physical or legal persons who intend to develop in Spain the franchising activity should be registered, if so, in the Registry that will be established by the correspondent public administrations.

EU: The activity performed by commercial agents under the EC Directive 653/86: a recent judgement of the Court of Justice (Zako c. Sanidel, 21/11/2018).

EU, 14 January 2019
The European Court of Justice, on November 21, 2018, issued a decision (in the case C-452/17) concerning the definition of commercial agent, as per Article 1 of the EC Directive 86/653, with respect to the performance of the activity on an “itinerant manner” and to the performance of further activities other than the negotiation (and conclusion) of the sale or purchase of products for the...

USA: District of Columbia Circuit Court upholds NLRB’s Browning-Ferris case. Indirect and reserved control over employment terms is evidence of joint...

U.S.A., 14 January 2019
In August, 2015 the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) sent shockwaves throughout the U.S. franchising community when the Board’s majority in its Browning-Ferris opinion concluded that a company that possessed even an unexercised right to assert indirect control over an employee’s essential terms of employment could be a joint employer with the direct employer.

INDIA: Changes to Indian Law on specific relief.

INDIA, 14 January 2019
The Specific Relief (Amendment) Act, 2018 (“Act”) has been passed by both houses of the Parliament of India and subsequently received Presidential assent.