Documents & Tools

Over 1000 downloadable legal documents detailed country reports, model contracts, national laws and case law, many other texts available


"Country cards" of more than 140 countries and national law

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International Conventions

The main conventions and model laws with the relevant status of ratification

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Detailed country reports on agency distribution and franchising law prepared by highly qualified country experts

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Arbitral Cases

Nearly 100 abstracts of international arbitral awards issued in the field of distribution

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EU Rules

The main EU Rules on commercial agency, distribution, franchising and related matters

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EU Case Law

The main decisions on international distribution issued by the EU Courts

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More than 550 references to articles and books on international distribution

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Model contracts on commercial agency and distributorship

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International arbitration

facilitating arbitration for disputes
in the field of international distribution

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Country Experts

agency, distribution,

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IDI News

From members and country experts all around the world

FRANCE: French restrictive interpretation of commercial agent qualification. A recent decision of the EU Court of Justice.

FRANCE, 15 July 2020
Since 2000, French courts have considered that the agent cannot benefit from the qualification of commercial agent (e.g. mainly the right to termination indemnity), when an agent has no power to negotiate prices/discounts and sales/purchase/service conditions on behalf and for the account of the principal.

COLOMBIA: Commercial agency and distribution contracts may coexist between the same parties and involving the same products or services.

COLOMBIA, 15 July 2020
In recent years, Colombian courts have refined the elements that differentiate a commercial agency agreement against other similar arrangements, like distribution, supply and concession schemes.

CHINA: Comments on recent Appeal Decision regarding burden of proof on calculation of franchise royalties.

CHINA, 15 July 2020
China, as a civil law country, does not generally require adverse parties to provide any evidence in their possession. However if one party can show that the other party has evidence necessary for the fulfillment of an obligation this can shift the burden of proof. There will be serious consequences if the party who has the burden of proof fails to proffer the evidence it possesses.

Follow-up: Q&A on COVID-19 and international contracts.

Following the newsletters of 30 April and 13 May 2020, IDI has updated the Q&A Paper, dealing with the most frequently asked questions concerning the impact of COVID-19 on distribution/supply, franchising and agency contracts, with a new contribution for Ireland.